Document Type: Original Article
Fuel and Petrochemical Engineering Research Center, Abadan Institute of Technology, PUT, Abadan, Iran
Institute of Nano Science and Nano Technology, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Rice University, Texas, USA
The latest developments in zeolite synthesis and catalyst applications are reviewed, this review also discusses the current industrial applications of the zeolite catalyst, for example, fluid catalyst cracking, methanol to olefins and conversion of renewable feedstocks. Porous materials containing Lewis-acid metals (e.g., Al, Ga, Sn, B, Ti, Zr) play an important role in the ultimate specifications of the developed materials. Among these, tin and boron-containing zeolites have exhibited better catalytic properties which have mainly been attributed to their crystallinity and hydrophobicity. The focus of this review is to present the advances in the synthesis of zeolite structures in the last decade such as fabrication of zeolites employing microwave energy.