The Impact of Simulators on Container Productivity

Document Type : Original Article


Maritime studies faculty, King Abdul-Aziz University, Saudi Arabia-Jeddah


Container terminal management is a very complex process involving many vital decisions to
develop many appropriate solutions to increase plant productivity. There is a special allocation
for the spaces of the places where containers are collected. Here is the problem of what the
allocated area is. Then there is a decision that must be made. Then the decisions regarding the
cranes and which suits the squares and what are the other ones that fit the berths. Emissions
resulting from the operation of cranes and therefore a vital decision in this regard. The number
of suitable cranes for loading and unloading with the container ships. Here is the location of
another vital decision. What is the total area suitable for that station and the principles of
dividing the area between the exported containers and the incoming containers? What are the
containers that guarantee the hazardous materials, the container gates and the internal roads of
the station? In order to maximize the economic return and productivity higher than the breakeven point. Simulators are an important tool to rationalize decisions and achieve target
productivity. This is the objective of the present paper to provide the contribution of simulation
techniques to serve the container terminal in order to enhance the collaboration with terminal
components and help reducing costs.